September 15 – Grito de Dolores, The Cry of Dolares
Mexico’s War of Independence officially began on September 15, 1810, when the priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla rang a bell and cried out to the townspeople to take up arms and rise up against the Spanish Crown, an event which is known as el grito de Dolores (the cry of Dolores), named after the town in Guanajuato where it took place. In the early hours of September 16, 1810, father Hidalgo, accompanied by several conspirators – Ignacio Allende, Doña Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez- rang the bell of his little church, calling everyone to fight.
Also known as the day of the Shout of Dolores, this event is celebrated on the night of September 15, when the Mexican president rings a bell at the National Palace in Mexico City at 11pm. The president then shouts the cry of patriotism, based on the Cry of Dolores, also called the cry of independence. The following day, Independence Day, is a public holiday in Mexico.
Civic Holiday: Observed nationwide, but employees are not entitled to a day off with pay.