April 21 – Heroica Defensa de Veracruz – Heroic Defense of Veracruz
This holiday commemorates Mexico’s defending itself against the United States of America occupation of Veracruz, México in 1914.
The United States occupation of Veracruz, which began with the Battle of Veracruz, the chief port on the east coast of Mexico, lasted for six months and was a response to the Tampico Affair of April 9, 1914. The incident came in the midst of poor diplomatic relations between Mexico and the United States, and was related to the ongoing Mexican Revolution.
Caption reads :”Formal raising of first flag of U.S. / Veracruz 2 P.M. April 27, 1914″ Photograph by Hadsell taken during the U.S. occupation of Veracruz.
The Vera Cruz incident threatened to boil over into a new Mexican War—a conflict desired by neither the United States nor Mexico. Argentina, Brazil and Chile saved the day by offering mediation. The ABC nations arranged a meeting in Niagara Falls, Canada in May 1914, drawing together representatives from the U.S. and Mexico.
Llegada de 18 barcos estadounidenses para el desembarco en Veracruz
Date: 1914 | Source: Archivo General de la Nación