26th President of Mexico
In office: May 15, 1867 – July 18, 1872
March 21st is the birthday of one of Mexico’s great presidents. An important statesman and liberal reformer, Benito Juarez was the first and only full-blooded indigenous leader to serve as president of Mexico. Born in 1806 in the village of Guelatao, Oaxaca, he studied for the priesthood before choosing to pursue a career in law.
Benito Juárez was born in San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca, on March 21, 1806. He was a lawyer who later held many public offices including as state legislator, civil judge, government secretary, and governor. In 1853 he was exiled to the United States due to political conflict. The following year he helped publish the Plan de Ayutla, which ended the dictatorship of political leader Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, thus convening a new Constitutional Congress.
Description – Español: Benito Juárez, siglo XIX, óleo sobre tela, Presidencia de la República. Imagen tomada del libro: Eduardo Báez, La pintura militar de México en el siglo XIX, SDN, 1992, p.120.
Date siglo XIX – Source: http://www.bicentenario.gob.mx
Author: José Escudero y Espronceda | Public domain
Benito Juárez, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing front
Date Created/Published: [between 1850 and 1872]
Medium: 1 photographic print on carte de visite mount : albumen.
Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-7875 (b&w film copy neg.)
Statutory holiday: Holidays observed nationwide. Employees are entitled to a day off with regular pay and schools (public and private) are closed.