Category Archives: Civic Holidays

Mexican Army Day – Día del Ejército

February 19 – Mexican Army Day or Día del Ejército

This day celebrates the Mexican Army on the Loyalty Day (“Día de la Lealtad”), when President Madero was escorted by the Cadets of the Militar College to the National Palace.

The Mexican Army is the combined land and air branch and largest of the Mexican Military services; it is also known as the National Defense Army.

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Photo: www.presidencia.gob.mx/articulos-prensa/dia-del-ejercito-mexicano/

The September 15, 1810 , in the village of Dolores, Guanajuato state, a new army came up with ideas of independence Village : Insurgent Army , commanded by priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla , who has seconded several Creole officers belonging to Dragoons of the Queen and communed with the same libertarian ideas.

In the struggle for independence from Spanish rule , the combatant armies were merged to form the Trigarante Army , which made ​​his triumphal entry into Mexico City on 27 September 1821. Not long after the ephemeral Mexican Empire emerge .

Upon the overthrow of Iturbide , who had self-appointed Emperor of Mexico , was born the Conservative Army , receiving Heritage Colonial Army , which begins to change with the entry into force of the 1857 Constitution.

During the rule of General Porfirio Diaz, the Army took another appearance and increased its organization and training , incorporating various technological advances. During this stage it was known as the Federal Army.

With wider revolutionary movement , Díaz was forced to resign the presidency , convocándose new elections in which Madero was triumphant . However, in February 1913 an armed uprising led by Victoriano Huerta , who forced the resignation of President Madero and usurped began. To spread discontent with the murder of Madero, Venustiano Carranza launched the Plan de Guadalupe and the February 19, 1913 , issued a decree that the Constitutionalist Army , which arise our current Mexican Army was created.

In 1932 it was noted on April 27 as a day to celebrate the soldier , this date was chosen to commemorate the heroic deeds of Damian Carmona , which occurred during the siege of Querétaro in 1867. Finally by Presidential Decree of March 22, 1950 was established on February 19 as the day the Mexican Army to commemorate the establishment of our current Armed Institute .  http://www.sedena.gob.mx/index.php

Birthday, Natalicio, de José Maria Morelos y Pavón

September 30 – Birthday, Natalicio de José Maria Morelos y Pavón
Jose Maria Morelos (1765-1815) was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader who led the Mexican War of Independence movement, assuming its leadership after the execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811.

Retrato de José María Morelos y Pavón / Date: 7 September 2006. Author:  Anónimo, del siglo XIX This image is in the public domain.

Retrato de José María Morelos y Pavón / Date: 7 September 2006. Author: Anónimo, del siglo XIX | This image is in the public domain.

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Image of Jose Maria Morelos on a 20 Pesos 1977 Banknote from Mexico.
Photo © Can Stock Photo Inc. |  www.canstockphoto.com | GeorgiosArt

Description: Español: Imagen extraida del libro de Vicente Riva Palacio, Julio Zárate (1880) "México a través de los siglos" Tomo III: "La guerra de independencia" (1808 - 1821) | Date: 1880 | Source: Vicente Riva Palacio, Julio Zárate (1880) "México a través de los siglos" Tomo III: "La guerra de independencia" (1808 - 1821) | Author: Unknown | This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

Description: Español: Imagen extraida del libro de Vicente Riva Palacio, Julio Zárate (1880) “México a través de los siglos” Tomo III: “La guerra de independencia” (1808 – 1821) | Date: 1880 | Source: Vicente Riva Palacio, Julio Zárate (1880) “México a través de los siglos” Tomo III: “La guerra de independencia” (1808 – 1821) | Author: Unknown | This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.

Jose Maria Morelos, 50 pesos Mexican banknote, 2012 Photo: Joseph A. Tyson

Jose Maria Morelos, 50 pesos Mexican banknote, 2012, Photo: Joseph A. Tyson

Christmas (Navidad) in Cabo San Lucas and Los Cabos

Christmas (Navidad) in Cabo San Lucas and San Jose del Cabo, Los Cabos, BCS, México. The celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ.

Christmas Tree at Puerto Paraiso Plaza Cabo

Christmas Tree at Puerto Paraiso Plaza on the Cabo San Lucas marina. Photo: Joseph A. Tyson

christmas tree and decoration in san jose del cabo

Plaza Mijares, the main plaza in downtown San Jose del Cabo, decorated for Christmas.

More photos from Christmas in San Jose del Cabo, Los Cabos.
www.loscabosguide.com/blog/2013/12/christmas-in-san-jose-del-cabo-los-cabos/

Nacimiento or Nativity Scene at the Santuario de Guadalupe, Catholic Church in Cabo San Lucas. Photo: Tyson

Nacimiento or Nativity Scene at the Santuario de Guadalupe, Catholic Church in Cabo San Lucas. The cradle remains empty until the birth of Jesus on Christmas Day. Photo: Joseph A. Tyson

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Christmas Tree at Plaza Amelia Wilkes, Cabo San Lucas. Photo: Joseph A. Tyson

A Christmas Posada procession taking place near the Santuario de Guadalupe Catholic Church.

A Christmas Posada procession taking place near the Santuario de Guadalupe Catholic Church. Photo: Joseph A. Tyson

More information here:
About Posadas www.eventsloscabos.com/2013/12/las-posadas-december-16-to-24/
About Santuario de Guadalupe, Catholic Church in Cabo San Lucas.
About Puerto Paraiso Shopping Mall, Cabo San Lucas, Los Cabos

Venustiano Carranza de la Garza

Venustiano Carranza de la Garza (29 December 1859 – 21 May 1920)  was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. He ultimately became President of Mexico following the overthrow of the dictatorial Victoriano Huerta regime in the summer of 1914, and during his administration the current constitution of Mexico was drafted. He was assassinated near the end of his term of office at the behest of a cabal of army generals resentful at his insistence that his successor be a civilian. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venustiano_Carranza

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Image of political leader Venustiano Carranza on the 100 peso Mexican banknote.
Photo: BigStockPhoto.com | WINiki

Gral. Venustiano Carranza, 1st Jefe Constitucionalista. With permission of "The John O. Hardman Collection"

Gral. Venustiano Carranza, 1st Jefe Constitucionalista. Unused postcard, photographer, unknown. With permission of “The John O. Hardman Collection”

Gral. Venustiano Carranza, 1st Jefe Constitucionalista
Born in 1859 as one of fifteen children of a wealthy landowner. Well educated. Entered politics as a municipal president. Later served as a state legislator, federal deputy and state governor under Diaz. Joined with Madero in 1909 to plan an armed rebellion against Diaz. Minister of war in Madero’s provisional government and later interim governor of Coahuila. Elected governor in December 1911. Assumed leadership of the rebellion against Huerta. Named First Chief of the Constitutionalists. Elected president in 1917. Tried to install a candidate favorable to him in the 1920 presidential election. Obregon, who was a candidate for president, rebelled. Carranza tried to flee to Vera Cruz. On May 20. 1920, he was killed as he slept in a small wooden hut in San Antonio Tlaxcalantongo.
Text and photo Source: “The John O. Hardman Collection”

president-venustiano-carranza-mexicohttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:President_Venustiano_Carranza.jpg

carranza-venustiano-mexicoVENUSTIANO CARRANZA HAT IN HAND – Source: CIA.gov
www.emersonkent.com/history_notes/venustiano_carranza.htm

Dia de la Raza, Descubrimiento de América, Columbus Day

October 12 – Dia de la Raza, Descubrimiento de América, Columbus Day

FRANCE - CIRCA 1992: A stamp printed in New Caledonia dedicated to discovery of America shows the ship the Pinta and the portrait of Christopher Columbus circa 1992; Photo:  BigStockPhoto.com / Neftali

FRANCE – CIRCA 1992
Christopher Columbus.
Photo: BigStockPhoto.com / Neftali

As in the United States, Columbus Day commemorates the discovery of the Americas in 1492 by the Italian navigator Christopher Columbus.

Columbus Day commemorates when Italian explorer Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón in Spanish) landed on an island in the Bahamas on October 12, 1492. He was not the first person to discover the Americas but he established contact between Renaissance Europe and the indigenous peoples he encountered.

Photo on right:
A stamp printed in New Caledonia dedicated to discovery of America shows the ship the Pinta and the portrait of Christopher Columbus circa 1992. 

 

 

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Christopher Columbus Statue in Barcelona Spain.
www.bigstockphoto.com by bbourdages

The date Columbus arrived in the Americas is celebrated in many countries in Latin America. The most common name for the celebration in Spanish (including in some Latin American communities in the United States) is the Día de la Raza (“day of the race” or “day of the [Hispanic] people”), commemorating the first encounters of Europeans and Native Americans. The day was first celebrated in Argentina in 1917, Venezuela and Colombia in 1921, Chile in 1922, and Mexico in 1928. The day was also celebrated under this title in Spain until 1957, when it was changed to the Día de la Hispanidad (“Hispanity Day”), and in Venezuela until 2002, when it was changed to the Día de la Resistencia Indígena (Day of Indigenous Resistance). Originally conceived of as a celebration of Hispanic influence in the Americas, as evidenced by the complementary celebrations in Spain and Latin America, Día de la Raza has come to be seen by some in Latin America as a counter to Columbus Day; a celebration of the resistance against the arrival of Europeans in the Americas and of the native races and cultures.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbus_Day

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Stamp circa 1992.
Photo: www.bigstockphoto.com by Neftali.

Civic Holiday:
Like statutory holidays, these are observed nationally. But, unlike statutory holidays, it is not mandatory to provide employees with a paid day off or holiday pay.

Photo on right:
A stamp printed in Cuba dedicated to Latin American history shows three ships stopping at Canary Islands.