September 30 – Birthday, Natalicio de José Maria Morelos y Pavón
Jose Maria Morelos (1765-1815) was a Mexican Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary rebel leader who led the Mexican War of Independence movement, assuming its leadership after the execution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811.
Retrato de José María Morelos y Pavón / Date: 7 September 2006. Author: Anónimo, del siglo XIX | This image is in the public domain.
Image of Jose Maria Morelos on a 20 Pesos 1977 Banknote from Mexico.
Photo © Can Stock Photo Inc. | www.canstockphoto.com | GeorgiosArt
Description: Español: Imagen extraida del libro de Vicente Riva Palacio, Julio Zárate (1880) “México a través de los siglos” Tomo III: “La guerra de independencia” (1808 – 1821) | Date: 1880 | Source: Vicente Riva Palacio, Julio Zárate (1880) “México a través de los siglos” Tomo III: “La guerra de independencia” (1808 – 1821) | Author: Unknown | This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired.
Jose Maria Morelos, 50 pesos Mexican banknote, 2012, Photo: Joseph A. Tyson
Venustiano Carranza de la Garza (29 December 1859 – 21 May 1920) was one of the leaders of the Mexican Revolution. He ultimately became President of Mexico following the overthrow of the dictatorial Victoriano Huerta regime in the summer of 1914, and during his administration the current constitution of Mexico was drafted. He was assassinated near the end of his term of office at the behest of a cabal of army generals resentful at his insistence that his successor be a civilian. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venustiano_Carranza
Gral. Venustiano Carranza, 1st Jefe Constitucionalista. Unused postcard, photographer, unknown. With permission of “The John O. Hardman Collection”
Gral. Venustiano Carranza, 1st Jefe Constitucionalista
Born in 1859 as one of fifteen children of a wealthy landowner. Well educated. Entered politics as a municipal president. Later served as a state legislator, federal deputy and state governor under Diaz. Joined with Madero in 1909 to plan an armed rebellion against Diaz. Minister of war in Madero’s provisional government and later interim governor of Coahuila. Elected governor in December 1911. Assumed leadership of the rebellion against Huerta. Named First Chief of the Constitutionalists. Elected president in 1917. Tried to install a candidate favorable to him in the 1920 presidential election. Obregon, who was a candidate for president, rebelled. Carranza tried to flee to Vera Cruz. On May 20. 1920, he was killed as he slept in a small wooden hut in San Antonio Tlaxcalantongo.
Text and photo Source: “The John O. Hardman Collection”
VENUSTIANO CARRANZA HAT IN HAND – Source: CIA.gov
Porfirio Diaz (1830-1915) became a war hero during the French invasion of 1861, helping to defeat the invaders at the famous Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. He entered politics and followed the rising star of Benito Juarez, although the two men did not get along well personally. In 1876 he grew tired of trying to reach the Presidential palace democratically: he entered Mexico City with an army and not surprisingly won the “election” he set up himself.
Pintura del entonces Presidente de México Porfirio Díaz Mori (1830-1915), exhibida en el museo del Templo y Ex-Convento de Santo Domingo de Guzmán, en la ciudad de Oaxaca de Juárez, Oaxaca, México. commons.wikimedia.org/
Porfirio Diaz – Circa 1867 – Public Domain image
Porfirio Diaz – Circa 1880 – Public Domain image
Hernán Cortés (1485-1547)
Hernán Cortés – Public Domain Image
Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro, 1st Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca was a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought large portions of mainland … Wikipedia
Hernán Cortés (1485-1547) was a Spanish conquistador, responsible for the audacious conquest of the Aztec Empire in Central Mexico in 1519. With a force of 600 Spanish soldiers he was able to conquer a vast Empire that had tens of thousands of warriors. He did it through a combination of ruthlessness, guile, violence and luck.
Cortés never lost the spirit of adventure. He personally financed and led an expedition to explore Baja California in the late 1530’s and fought with royal forces in Algiers in 1541. After that ended in a fiasco, he decided to return to Mexico, but instead died of pleuritis in 1547 at the age of 62.
Francisco Ignacio Madero González
A stamp dedicated to Francisco Ignacio Madero Gonzalez a politician, writer and
revolutionary who served as President of Mexico from 1911 to 1913.
Photo circa 1985. bigstockphoto.com | markaumark
Francisco Ignacio Madero González
(30 de octubre de 1873 – 22 de febrero de 1913)
Born in Coahuila on October 30, 1873. Son of a wealthy landowner. Family was devoted to ranching, farming and commerce. Studied commerce and economics in France and agriculture in the U.S. Saw the need to improve conditions in Mexico.
General Madero, Mexican political leader, full-length portrait, standing,
facing right, with hand in sling, after being wounded at Casas Grandes.
Date Created/Published: c1911. Medium: 1 photographic print.
Library of Congress: http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c00794